In two years, the government hopes to see flying taxis start off.

Social Media Plug-ins:

The first flying taxi could take off in the UK by 2026 and become a regular sight in our skies two years later, if a government announcement goes to plan.

The Future of Flight action plan, developed with the aerospace industry, also says drones and other flying vehicles will become more autonomous.

It predicts that the first pilotless flying taxi will take off in 2030.

But experts say hurdles such as infrastructure and public acceptance need to be overcome first.

There are a number of different models, but most flying taxis look like a futuristic helicopter and can usually carry about five people.

They are part of a family of vehicles called “eVTOLs” – which stands for electric vertical take-off and landing aircraft.

The technology for them exists now, but it is likely that the aircraft will start off as exclusive modes of transport, replacing the expensive journeys currently done by helicopters.

The Department of Transport also plans to allow drones to fly beyond their visual line of sight, meaning the person controlling the drone cannot see it in the air.

Some of the uses of unmanned drones include transporting medical supplies, delivering mail in rural areas and tracking down criminals on the run.

Their use is still in its early stages, but the plan suggests drone deliveries will be commonplace by 2027.

The biggest obstacles to getting flying taxis into the air are infrastructure and public perception, says Craig Roberts, head of drones at consultancy firm PwC.

Last year, he co-authored a report on the topic, in collaboration with the government, on the viability of the technology.

“It’s challenging, but possible,” he says of the 2026 target.

Mr. Roberts thinks that the most efficient use of the technology is in “longer distance, higher occupancy cases.”

The government’s report gives an example of flying from Liverpool to Leeds in 26 minutes.

“It might start off as more of a replacement for helicopters,” he says, before demand slowly spreads to the wider population.

The convenience would also have to be demonstrated to the wider public through technological advances in security screening.

The PwC report assumes a scenario where it takes 10 minutes from arrival at a flying taxi rank to take off—currently challenging given the length of time it takes to get through a conventional airport.

“The industry knows this is a problem and knows it has to be solved. But there are technological ways of doing this,” Mr. Roberts says.

“What was holding this back for a long time was the barriers to certification of a new technology,” says Dr. Nadjim Horri, lecturer in aerospace control at the University of Leicester.

However, he says that this is changing, with regulation starting to catch up with technological progress in the field.

He adds that it would also require confidence from the public to adopt the new technology but that 2026 is a realistic aim to get flying taxis into the air.

Where would the vehicles take off and land?

The proposals would require new infrastructure developments in the UK, such as “mini airports” for drones.

A mini-airport was set up for four weeks in a car park near central Coventry in 2022 as a proof of concept.

The company behind it, Urban Air Port, sees the future of air taxis as an addition to, rather than a replacement for, current modes of transport.

Its chief executive, Andrea Wu, says that transport hubs should be in urban centres, but “there has not been enough investment in infrastructure” in the UK so far.

She calls the suggestion of flying taxis becoming a regular sight by 2028 an “ambitious timeline,” given the need to build places for them to take off and land.

“But the whole industry agrees you have to put something down on paper in order to push this forward,” Ms. Wu says of Monday’s announcement.

No other mini-airports have been built or trialled since the demonstration two years ago. But according to the government plan, the first vertiport (airport for vertical vehicles) will be operational this year.

The UK’s aerospace regulator, the Civil Aviation Authority, is consulting on proposals for vertiports at existing aerodromes.

A new regulation would almost certainly need to be created if the government’s aim of bringing in autonomous air taxis by 2030 is to be met.